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Internet Access in Ghana’s Volta Region

In Sogakope, just two hours from Ghana’s capital city of Accra, there are no telephone lines. This means that high-speed, low cost DSL internet is impossible.

So what are we left with, then? Portable USB modems that cost hundreds of dollars and that you stick into one computer at a time for internet roughly the speed of a certain former U.S. President’s brain.

To load one single page takes up to ten minutes, if the page loads at all. Refresh! Error. Refresh! Error. Refresh! Loading (slowly). My refresh-button thumb is getting awfully sore!

“That’s not heart-warming at all,” you’re likely scoffing, “that’s just annoying.”

Oh, but trust me: your heart is about to get nice and toasty.

Our little Youth Creating Change crew visited four schools around Sogakope this week, which has been utterly fascinating for me as an American teacher. Our reasons for visiting these schools were three-fold (or, as the Ghanaians pronounce, “tray-fold”):

1) To congratulate each school on its wonderful participation in the twenty-round Grand Quiz reading project.

2) To check on the progress of each school’s YCC-sponsored reading club, and to arrange for YCC volunteers (like me!) to join the students’ club, weekly.

3) To set up an expansion of the wonderful cross-cultural penpal exchange we have launched between YCC kids and my former Boston school: this time involving all four Ghanaian schools instead of just the YCC club, as well as pulling in eager teachers who have contacted me from Canada, Connecticut, and California. (Note: if you’re a teacher interested in participating, write to me! Your location need not begin with the letter “C”.)

The fourth and final school we visited this week was Sanity International (not to be confused with “Insanity National”).

This sweet school, pictured in all the photos with coral pink uniforms, is in a town called Dabala, which is the furthest from YCC headquarters of all four schools. To reach Dabala from Sogakope, a person needs to take a shared taxi for thirty minutes, at a total cost of about two Ghana Cedis (or $1.50).

Upon our arrival at Sanity International, YCC Administrator, Oliver, explained the penpal exchange program to the eager young students.

“Who here already has an email address?” he asked.

Thirty-two small hands stayed in thirty-two small laps.

“Okay then,” said Oliver, undaunted, “Does this school have computers or the internet?”

“No,” said the headmaster.

“Does the town of Dabala have any internet access at all that the children can use?”

“No,” said everyone in the room.

“When we have the money, we take the shared taxi to Sogakope to use the computer at YCC,” said one small girl.

“All right,” said Oliver, remaining upbeat, “print your full name and password request on this paper and I will create all of your email addresses for you this week.”

Oliver paused, then continued: “This penpal exchange will require a lot of effort on your part because of the transportation and limited internet. Are you still interested?”

“YES!” said every child in the room.

And so it was that Oliver spent four hours last night creating… just the first four new email addresses. Yahoo was particularly finicky yesterday, as was our one guesthouse USB modem. Clearly, the Sanity International wing of the penpal exchange will inch along step by step, but as we speak, the diligent Dabala students are hard at work hand-writing their introductory penpal letters.

“That’s intense,” you say, “but this whole internet thing is easier for the other students who live in Sogakope, right?” Hmm… not exactly.

Today I taught a ninety-minute Computer (and penpal) class at YCC. For the first thirty minutes, someone at the guesthouse was using our only USB modem (we have to share it and thus shuttle it between the guesthouse and the YCC classroom across town), and so we had no way to check if students had new letters.

Luckily, Oliver had already printed out some letters for students (remember, we have a list all of their emails and passwords!), and so we had a vibrant discussion about how to respond to a certain letter, and all ended up drafting a juicy paragraph each about the daily practice in Ghana of teachers beating their disobedient students with canes.

Thirty minutes in, YCC staff member, Gladys, screeched up on a bike clutching the modem. At last, we were able to connect one internet port, and so all fifteen of us gathered around that single computer to finally read aloud the article I wrote about the YCC triumph at the Grand Quiz that students had been itching to see for days!

Oh, the patience and fortitude of those kindly students, squishing together in that sweaty room without a complaint as they craned to see the photos and small type!

For the final thirty minutes of class (and then for thirty minutes after class had ended), the students patiently took turns checking their email, one by one at the single computer, waiting the minutes for a page to load, while everyone else worked on homework or letter drafts.

If a student did receive a letter from their penpal, we didn’t have time for them to type a reply, so we pasted it onto a Word document to put on a memory stick to print later. (The only printer is back at the guesthouse.)

Only three of the seven YCC computers worked today, and so on the other two computers, students began typing new letters to their penpals, also to be saved on a memory stick and sent later.

I tell you these details not in order to complain, but rather to bow down to the perseverance and positive attitudes of these wonderful students. It may seem like all of this is a lot of trouble to go to for one little project, but I saw it today: it is a fantastic and worthwhile project for several reasons.

First, having a mysterious yet friendly peer across the ocean gives a major incentive to learn computer and internet literacy, whatever the obstacles. In the future, the Sanity international students with an Oliver-created email address WILL have a leg up on their less connected classmates. In the future, the students who have made the effort to get their hands on keyboards and their eyes on the web will be better prepared for our digital world.

Second, English teacher says: the more you read and write, the better you become at reading and writing, and thus the better shape your brain will be in to succeed in life!

Third, a major section of the all-important National Test for students in Ghana is: write a letter to a penpal!

Fourth, cultural comparison conversations will forever be awesome, and it’s really wonderful to make new friends– especially ones with different experiences than you.

I had a truly lovely time in class today, despite all of the difficulties that could have frustrated us. Fundraising campaigns are currently underway to buy one more portable USB modem (do click the “Donation” button on the right sidebar if you want to chip in!), but regardless if there is one modem or three, the underlying truth shines through: these students really deserve our admiration.


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Tuesday 17th of November 2015

I liked the adjectives you used to describe the kids when they all crowded around the computer to look at their emails.


Friday 24th of June 2011

Interesting article and awesome blog! The Internet situation is improving albeit slowly in Ghana. Thumbs up for all you've done to get these kids to become digitally literate.


Saturday 25th of June 2011

Thanks, Gameli! Indeed, I really saw in even the few months that I was in Ghana that the internet situation was getting faster. It is really starting to take off!


Friday 24th of June 2011

if you have a laptop with about 5GB of space... and the english collection of wikipedia articles (can be stored on an external drive) can be installed and used as a portable teaching tool. it also allows you to print pdfs of the articles to be shared or printed later if needed. cheers, Charles


Saturday 25th of June 2011

Fascinating tip! Thanks!

Sarah Hackett

Sunday 23rd of January 2011

Hi Lillie,

How are you? I found your page whilst looking for children's stories in the Volta region. I am teaching at Ghana International School in Accra. My year 1 class (your kindergarden believe) have been assigned the Volta region for up coming Ghana week. I have only been in Ghana for three months and although I plan to visit the region before the 28th of February when Ghana week begins, I was hoping if you are still in Ghana that we might be able to link my class with some of your pupils to find out about the Volta region via email. It would be a chance for my incredibly privillaged kids to see how others in their country (or adopted country) live and a way of finding out more about the volta region on a kid based level. The general theme of Ghana week for our school is going to be told through Anansi stories, so if there are any unique to the volta rgion that would also help me. Let me know what you think about this exchange and if I can be of any help to you let me know also. Thanks Sarah


Wednesday 19th of December 2012



Monday 24th of January 2011

Sarah, Thanks so much for connecting with your comment, and what an exciting project you have planned! I am back in Boston now, but maintain many contacts in the Volta Region, so I will email them to you directly. Good luck and enjoy!

Imported Blogger Comments

Friday 28th of May 2010

Mr. Willhoit said... I am a high school teacher at a school outside of Chicago near the Wisconsin border. Are there any high school students at YCC that would be interested in the pen-pal exchange? Thanks,

Bret Willhoit [email protected]

January 21, 2010 5:54 PM

Franny said... Chicago! It starts with a C so he should be okay, right Lillie? :-)

January 21, 2010 7:34 PM

Lillie M. said... Bret-- Thanks for your comment! YCC works with middle school kids here in Ghana, but we have already very successfully paired some with Boston high school students I used to teach, so if the age difference is all right with you, the exchange is all right by us! I will email you with more details.

Franny-- oh so true.

Everyone else-- The charming postscript to this article is that right after I pre-programmed it, the internet in all of Ghana went out for fourteen hours. I freaked out, as most addicts do during detox, but upon returning from teaching Writing class (those student articles will be up in a few weeks!) the net appears to be back in business.

Keep on chuggin', little modem, keep on chuggin'! And as always, sincere thanks for reading!

January 21, 2010 7:50 PM

Luddy Sr. said... Oh man....this is post Kwabla : (

So sad at first, but this is one of my favorite stories yet! I'm so jealous now, and I can't wait to read the kids stories!

January 22, 2010 5:47 AM

Anonymous said... Hi! My name is Kate and I would like to speak to my principal and students about this...I've been looking for internet penpals for years and this seems perfect! I teach middle school in Illinois - 6th grade. How would we begin?

January 25, 2010 3:38 AM

Lillie M. said... Hi Kate! Send me an email at [email protected] and I'll give you more details. We'd love to have you on board!

Other interested teachers: make sure to either leave your email address in the comments or email me directly if you want to get the ball rolling, as it is done through email.

Thanks again for writing!

- Lillie

January 25, 2010 10:01 AM

backpackingranny said... The penpal project is fantastic! It is very important and means a lot to the Ghanaian students to connect with other students around the world. I can imagine the happy faces of the children when they receive letters from Boston and Illinois. Bravo to the teachers and students who are making this possible!

Thank you John and Lillie for this great plan!

Love Granny

January 27, 2010 11:35 AM

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